A combination of explosive and/or pyrotechnic-type ingredients, which, when pressed into a cup or spun into the rim cavity of a rimfire shell, will ignite upon sufficient impact from a firing-pin and, in turn, initiate the propellant in a cartridge or shotshell.


The spinning motion that is imparted to a projectile due to engagement with the rifling in the barrel of a firearm, as it is driven down the barrel. The rate of rotation is dependent upon the rate of twist of the rifling and the velocity. The barrel twist (left or right) determines the direction of the rotation.